Fascism : A Historiography on the Rise of Fascism

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In the early twentieth century, fascism took hold and spread rapidly across Europe. Some states were able to resist the authoritarian nationalist temptations offered through the new movement. While others, succumbed to its temptations and spiraled quickly into fascist states that were characterized by violence. Scholars have offered many explanations as to why some states (the North and North/West) resisted, while others (Central and South/East) embraced the new violent movement. Continue reading “Fascism : A Historiography on the Rise of Fascism”

The Rise of China and World Order

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The rise of China as a global economic and political power is arguably the most significant development in world politics and is one that has been unprecedented throughout history. China’s global impact is increasingly felt on every continent, in most international institutions, and on many global issues. (Shambaugh 2013) This is starting to create a power transition from the West to the East as the United States starts to (arguably) decline, shifting the world landscape from a unipolar world towards a bipolar order. Historically speaking, the emergence of new poles of power in the international system have been geopolitically destabilizing such as the rise of Russia, Germany, and the United States. Continue reading “The Rise of China and World Order”

United States Refusal To Join The League of Nations

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In 1920 the United States (U.S.) had denied the Treaty of Versailles, refusing to become a member of the League of Nations. President Wilson was a firm believer that the League would allow all of the world’s nations to live in peace with one another. However, the U.S. Senate was concerned that the obligations of League membership would force them to become too involved in international affairs. Many Scholars have linked the failure of the League to the United States refusal to join. This paper will examine how newspaper articles and scholarly historical works differ.. Continue reading “United States Refusal To Join The League of Nations”

East Asian and Latin American Approaches to Industrialization

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This paper will seek to explain East Asian and Latin American approaches to industrialization

  • ⎯ identify the main stages of industrial transformation;
  • ⎯ define easy import substitution industrialization ;
  • ⎯ define easy export substitution and explain what exactly is being substituted for what;
  • ⎯ define difficult import substitution industrialization and clarify in what sense do we say that Latin American countries entered this state “prematurely” while the East Asian economies entered this stage “maturely”;
  • ⎯ explain what potential problems are there for countries which follow easy ISI with difficult ISI, thus skipping the export substitution stage of transformation;
  • ⎯ clarify the importance of the easy export substitution stage of industrial transformation as a means to absorb labor from less productive sectors, particularly agriculture.. Continue reading “East Asian and Latin American Approaches to Industrialization”

Should Harm Reduction be the Approach to the Use of Illegal Drugs in Canada?

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Currently in Canada and across the globe there are two dominant policy approaches towards illegal drug use. The first approach involves strict prohibition and stresses the need to maintain order using law enforcement as a means to enforce the policy objectives. It includes the use of criminalizing illegal drug use with penalties of incarceration. The second approach involves classifying drug use as a social problem and takes a public health approach that promotes the safer use of illegal substances in order to reduce the damage not only to the individual, but to society as a whole. This approach is termed harm reduction and involves using methods such as safe injection sites in order to fulfill the policy objective while also involving a dynamic of decriminalization.. Continue reading “Should Harm Reduction be the Approach to the Use of Illegal Drugs in Canada?”

Confederate Flag : Symbol of Remembrance or Oppression?

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On June 17th, 2015, nine African-Americans were gunned down in a church by a white man in Charleston, the United States. The story made many headlines as it became known that the gunman was wearing the Confederate flag. The event lead to a national debate on whether or not the Confederate flag has a place in modern day society. Traditionalists argue that the flag represents the Southern heritage and acts as a memorial tool to honor their ancestors. Modernists counter traditionalists asserting that the Confederate flag is symbolic of racism and oppression.. Continue reading “Confederate Flag : Symbol of Remembrance or Oppression?”

Canada and the United Nations

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Since the creation of the United Nations (UN), Canada has generally been an enthusiastic supporter of multilateral institutions, recognizing the potential they had to give Canada a voice on the world stage. This is evident in the fact that Canada had an integral role in the development of the UN and has since then used its underlying principles as a foreign policy guidance for more than six decades. Recently, many observers have claimed a more withdrawn Continue reading “Canada and the United Nations”