Letter of Bernard of Clairvaux 1147 : Primary Document Analysis

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The primary document, “The Letter of Bernard of Clairvaux”, was written by Bernard of Clairvaux in 1147. The letter was written after the loss of Edessa in order to promote a new crusade to gain back western losses. During this time, Bernard was a very prominent and influential clergy member who was deeply involved with religious and political issues. Bernard was known for his strong influential voice that had allowed him to gain many followers and direct the society in the way to which the church had desired. Through his newfound privileges proclaimed by Pope Eugenius III, Bernard acted to… Continue reading “Letter of Bernard of Clairvaux 1147 : Primary Document Analysis”

United Nations, Reform, and the Quest for World Order

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One of the greatest transformation in the international system since the Treaty of Westphalia is the development of the United Nations (UN). The UN was established in 1945 following the Second World War to facilitate cooperation, security, and development among the world’s nations.Since its creation, the UN has made significant contributions towards the study of international conflict by maintaining a leadership position and serving as a diplomatic and military mediator on the world stage. There are, however, significant limitations embedded within the institution that have hindered its ability to act as an efficient organization. These are found in the structure of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) and a lack of designated and binding enforcement capabilities. These limitations significantly undermine the international system and limit Continue reading “United Nations, Reform, and the Quest for World Order”

A Review of the Article: Global Challenges in Disaster Reduction

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Global Challenges in Disaster Reduction

The article entitled, Global Challenges in Disaster Reduction, written by Briceno Salvano examines the need to develop a common understanding on disaster reduction in the face of global challenges such as climate change. Salvano’s general thesis is that together we must shift our emphasis from disaster response and relief to disaster reduction by incorporating preparedness, mitigation, and prevention within the context of sustainable development towards reducing our collective risk and vulnerability to natural hazards. (pg. 3) To justify his thesis, Salvano points towards the importance of learning from.. Continue reading “A Review of the Article: Global Challenges in Disaster Reduction”

The Ultimate Guide On Different Ways Of Making Money

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Making passive and extra income is no easy venture and requires hard work along with dedication and perseverance. . . for the most part. However, there are many proven ways of making money that you can do from the comfort of your home or online in your spare time that can help you see a boost to your wallet. With enough perseverance you might see this develop into a full blown source of income (you never know right?) as has happened for many people across the globe already. Continue reading “The Ultimate Guide On Different Ways Of Making Money”